Hacking with the Bookeen Cybook Orizon Tear down and Serial connection

Let's connect via Serial to this device, setup the wireless card, and enable an ssh server on it.

Connecting SIO

The serial connection is on the debug connector JA901 at the bottom left of the board :

JA901 location on mb

Pinout is (right to left with the battery on bottom) :

Pin Usage
7-13 ?
16-18 VDD SERIAL VCC (3.3V)

JA901 pinout

You can then use minicom to login :

sudo minicom -b 115200 -D /dev/ttyUSB0

Login : root

FnX Bootloader for s3c2416 build on confucius version master_6376fd19638ef062_b360
    Build time "Mon, 11 Oct 2010 14:15:38 +0200"
               Copyright (C) 2010 Bookeen
     Detected: Bookeen Cybook Orizon, A00/A01/A022;FnX - Bookeen Cybook Orizon - Terminal
Battery level: [====================================    ]
         Info: Battery condition reasonable
         Info: Reset/boot due to Software reset I0: 00000000...
     Starting: Uncompressing Linux..........................................................................
          ***: Cybook Linux Starting...
          ***: Prepare filesystem...
          ***: Does software want to update? No
          ***: Check if user want to update...
          ***: Verify partitions...
fsck 1.41.9 (22-Aug-2009)
rootfs: clean, 1177/38456 files, 120508/153600 blocks
boot: clean, 15/3840 files, 9958/15360 blocks (check deferred; on battery)
privatefs: recovering journal
privatefs: clean, 66/2560 files, 1516/10240 blocks (check deferred; on battery)
          ***: Continue booting.....
          ***: Doing critical nasty things......
          ***: Starting BooReader...

Welcome to your Cybook Orizon!
CybookOrizon login: root
login[872]: root login on 'ttySAC0'
[root@CybookOrizon ~]#

Keep the device awake

You need to either power the device via micro USB, or kill processes ebrmain and boordr :

pkill ebrmain 
pkill boordr 

Wifi connection

Firmware loading

You can load the wifi firmware and enable the wifi interface (which will apear as 'eth0') with the init script that's in /etc/init.d :

/etc/init.d/wireless start

[root@CybookOrizon ~]# ifconfig                                                                                                 
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:27:13:F7:E3:F7                                                                         
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1                                                                    
          RX packets:1 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0                                                                    
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0                                                                  
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000                                                                                          
          RX bytes:58 (58.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  

Connecting to a network

You can use iwlist scan to search for your network, which you can then connect to using wpa_supplicant.

Edit /etc/network/interfaces and add the following lines :

auto eth0                                                                                                                       
iface eth0 inet dhcp

Create the file /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf that should contain :


Then run wpa_supplicant -Dwext -ieth0 -c/etc/wpa_supplicant.conf & and once connected, use the network init script :

/etc/init.d/network start

You should now be connected to your Wireless AP.

SSH connection

By default the root account has no password, so you should change it in order to be able to connect via SSH :

passwd # then type your password two times

Finally, you can start the dropbear ssh server with /etc/init.d/dropbear start.

As this is quite an old version of dropbear, the generating utility dropbearkey only comes with rsa/dss, and the only available key exchange algorithm is SHA-1, which was disabled in openssh 8.8.

If you plan on using an ssh key to login, you'll have to re-enable those algorithms :

ssh -o KexAlgorithms=diffie-hellman-group1-sha1 -o HostkeyAlgorithms=ssh-rsa -i .ssh/bookeen_rsa_key root@

Have fun :)

CPU info

cat /proc/cpuinfo        
Processor   : ARM926EJ-S rev 5 (v5l)
BogoMIPS    : 199.47
Features    : swp half thumb fastmult edsp java 
CPU implementer : 0x41
CPU architecture: 5TEJ
CPU variant : 0x0
CPU part    : 0x926
CPU revision    : 5
Cache type  : write-back
Cache clean : cp15 c7 ops
Cache lockdown  : format C
Cache format    : Harvard
I size      : 16384
I assoc     : 4
I line length   : 32
I sets      : 128
D size      : 16384
D assoc     : 4
D line length   : 32
D sets      : 128

Hardware    : Cybook Orizon
Revision    : 0100
Serial      : 0000000000000000

Hardware components

SOC : S3C2416
Screen: Sipix AUO 6" 800x600 A0608E02
Display controller : AUO K-1900
Video DRAM : Etron Tech EM686165VE-7H
Wifi/Bluetooth : USI WM-BN-BM-01-0
Storage : Hynnix H26M210010AR e-NAND 2GB Flash
Memory : 32MB
CPU : 200 Mhz


bootsplash screen

The boot splash picture is in /boot/ and is a 600x800 greyscale, indexed 16 colors bmp file (filesize 240,1 KB).

If using gimp to edit it, make sure to check the compatibility option "Do not write colorspace information".

Then, to replace it, you first have to mount /boot as rw ;

mount /boot
mount -o remount,rw /boot

then edit your boot splash pic, and put it on the device as /boot/bootsplash.bmp via ssh:

scp bootsplash.bmp CybookOrizonIP:/boot/

Custom bootsplash

Screensaver and thumbnail file formats

The file format is t4b, and you can find some scripts to convert from an to this format here :


The default screen saver pictures are in /mnt/app/res/ds.
Most UI assets are in /mnt/app/res/img.

Wifi + SSH at boot

In order to enable Wireless, connect to your AP and start the SSH server automatically at boot, you can create a script in /etc/init.d with this content :

# Start ALL the things !

case "$1" in
    echo "Killing useless processes..."
    pkill ebrmain
    pkill boordr
    echo "Enabling wireless"
    /etc/init.d/wireless start
    echo "Connecting to AP..."
    wpa_supplicant -B -Dwext -ieth0 -c/etc/wpa_supplicant.conf
    sleep 3
    echo "Init network"
    /etc/init.d/network stop
    /etc/init.d/network start
    echo "Starting SSH..."
    /etc/init.d/dropbear start
    echo -n "Stopping all the things !"
    /etc/init.d/dropbear stop
    /etc/init.d/network stop
    /etc/init.d/wireless stop
        "$0" stop
        "$0" start
        echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|restart}"
        exit 1

exit $?

Make sure the script has the right owner/permissions :

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/*
chown default:default /etc/init.d/*

Then, remove/backup the existing symlinks in /etc/rc.d :

rm /etc/rc.d/*

and create a new one to your script :

ln -s /etc/init.d/custom /etc/rc.d/S05custom


The Cybook's physical buttons (up, left, down, right, middle and on/off/sleep) can be accessed from /dev/cyio
Pressing a button triggers the following packets :

Button Packet content HEX ASCII
Left 6B 80 10 6C l
Up 6B 80 10 75 u
Right 6B 80 10 72 r
Down 6B 80 10 64 d
Center 6B 80 10 65 e
Sleep 6B 80 10 6F o

Cybook IO


bookeen orizon tear up
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screen_A0608E02 connector
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bookeen orizon tear up
AUO K1900 - Etrontech EM686165VE-7H
AUO K1900
unpopuated USB